In the next 15 years, the prevalence of diabetes mellitus is expected to increase by 70% in developing countries and more than 18 million patients with diabetes are predicted in Africa (Shaw et al. 2010). At present, information on diabetic retinopathy [DR] in Africa is available from single countries only and data from West Africa are mainly from Nigeria. However, data are needed to guide the development of ophthalmic services (Burgess et al. 2013).
This cross‐sectional hospital‐based study was performed to determine the magnitude, pattern and associations of DR of patients aged 20 years or older attending an urban diabetic clinic in Cameroon [Central Hospital of Yaoundé (HCY)] between September and mid‐October 2010 after approval by the IRB of HCY and written informed consent from patients had been obtained. This research was performed according to the Tenets of the Declaration of Helsinki. The data are intended to provide a basis for improving ophthalmic care in Cameroon.