Background Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) is an increasing concern among patients with ocular allergy in Africa but its magnitude is not known in our set-up. A number of factors have been identified as associated with VKC although discrepancies exist across regions. Moreover, some of them may be modifiable and knowing specific factors in our s.....

Background Diabetes mellitus is a significant cause of visual impairment due to diabetes related eye complications. Most of these complications are treatable if diagnosed early, hence timely eye examination is paramount. Objective To determine proportion, risk factors, and patterns of visual impairment among patients with diabetes and the fact.....

Introduction: Ocular injuries are a common cause of ocular morbidity and utilization of ophthalmic services. However, there is scarce information especially in Africa on its magnitude. Globally, it is estimated that more than half a million blinding injuries occur every year. General objective: To determine the magnitude of ocular injuries among .....

Background: Mooren’s Ulcer can be a devastating disease and while studies have described different types of this ulceration, there seems to be a different and more aggressive type of disease described in Africa, affecting a younger generation. Despite this being the case, there is little data available on this disease and treatment is often.....

Background Ocular-Surface Squamous Neoplasia (OSSN) is the most common conjunctival malignancy in the tropics. An exponential rise in its incidence has been observed, common among young people and aggressive among HIV-patients. Clinical differentiation between OSSN and non-OSSN tumours is difficult, requiring histopathology for a definitive diagno.....

AIM: To study the general diurnal IOP fluctuation in black adult patients with Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (POAG) attending Ruharo Eye Centre; to determine their IOP fluctuation range and determine their 24 hour IOP fluctuation pattern. DESIGN: This was a Hospital based, analytical cross section study. 51 black adult patients with POAG on diffe.....

Background HIV/AIDS is a global pandemic which affects all body parts including the eyes. Ocular lesions are varied and affect almost all parts of the eye. HIV-related ocular complications may result into visual impairment and even blindness which affects the quality of life of the patients. Objective: To determine the clinical ocular manifes.....

Background: Ocular trauma is the commonest cause of unilateral blindness. It can be open globe or closed globe injury. Our study looked at corneal and corneoscleral perforations which are types of open globe injuries. Corneal perforations are common in our setting and often have poor outcome. The time a patient presents after ocular injury for spe.....

Editor,

In the next 15 years, the prevalence of diabetes mellitus is expected to increase by 70% in developing countries and more than 18 million patients with diabetes are predicted in Africa (Shaw et al. 2010). At present, information on diabetic retinopathy [DR] in Africa is available from single countries only and data from West Af.....

Introduction: Glaucoma is the third leading cause of blindness around the world following cataract and uncorrected refractive errors. Glaucoma is known to cause irreversible blindness, but in developing countries, especially in rural areas, patients still report late with advanced extent of damage. However, little information is known about glauc.....

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