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Background The retina is the innermost layer of the eye and is divided into two regions: posterior pole and peripheral retina. The posterior pole of the retina consists of the macula and the optic disc. The macula is located temporal to t.....

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Background: The international Dry Eye Workshop 2007 (DEWS) defined dry eye syndrome (DES) as “a multifactorial disease of the tear and ocular surface that results in symptoms of discomfort, visual disturbance, and tear film instability with .....

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Uveitis is an intraocular inflammatory condition that affects mainly the uveal tract – iris, ciliary body and the choroid. Uveitis is broadly classified as anterior, intermediate, posterior and panuveitis. Information on prevalence .....

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Background: Given the high prevalence of 43% in a hospital based study at Ruharo Eye Center, it is prudent to know what is happening in the community because School-going children represent a particularly vulnerable group among those with unco.....

Background: Corneal diseases are among the major causes of vision loss and blindness in the world, after cataract and glaucoma but their magnitude is not known in our setting. Some of those causes are either preventable or treatable and could .....

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Background: Mooren’s Ulcer can be a devastating disease and while studies have described different types of this ulceration, there seems to be a different and more aggressive type of disease described in Africa, affecting a younger generation......

Background: Ocular trauma is the commonest cause of unilateral blindness. It can be open globe or closed globe injury. Our study looked at corneal and corneoscleral perforations which are types of open globe injuries. Corneal perforations are common.....

Background Diabetes is a major cause of avoidable blindness in both developing and developed countries. The prevalence of retinopathy in diabetics increases with the duration of the disease and patients with Diabetes are 25 times more likely to bec.....

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Background: Xerophthalmia is one of the clinical manifestation of Vitamin A Deficiency (VAD). Worldwide, VAD is an important public health problem that contributes to the global burden of disease. The greatest burden is in Africa and Southeast Asia. .....

Background Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) is an increasing concern among patients with ocular allergy in Africa but its magnitude is not known in our set-up. A number of factors have been identified as associated with VKC although discrepancies .....

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